Jabberwocky

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Choosing an Authorization Framework for Rails

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At my main customer’s we needed to choose an authorization framework. This is for a complex enterprise application, and requiring fine-grained authorization on:

  • roles
  • actions
  • model: most users can only access their own objects.

I’d had a look around, and after some digging ended up looking at 3 plugins, Declarative Authorization, grant and cancan.

Grant fell off almost immediately. It centered all authorization in the model, and I felt it was a bit too lightweight for our application.

Then I looked at declarative authorization and cancan. At first sight, declarative authorization looked like a winner: I’m a believer in open source natural selection, and with about 650 people watching the plugin on github, it looked like a lot of people had found it a good fit. It’s also been lovingly polished since september 2008, so the kinks have probably been ironed out.

I cloned both plugins, and looked at the code and documentation. Cancan is partly based on declarative_authorization. What struck me at first sight, is how simple cancan looked. Much less code, much less meta-monkey-magic. And a very friendly DSL and documentation.

And get this: I ran reek on both plugins (it’s a hobby of mine). And cancan came out practically clean ! That’s like having an alien in the living room ! It never happens ! Run reek on your own code, just for laughs, and you’ll see what I mean.

So we ended up choosing cancan, although declarative_authorization might have more features out of the box, we feel we’ll be able to extend cancan with much more ease, if at all necessary. It feels better to have a clean, fathomable codebase, than a larger engine. I’m aware that cancan has the unfair advantage of having learned from its predecessors, and kudos to the maintainers of declarative_authorization for having inspired others.

*Note: I’m aware there are quite a few other plugins out there. If you found another one and you’re very happy about it, please share. *

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